Trends in Higher Education
Faculty renewal and enrolment growth drive the need for thousands of new hires in next decade (source).
Canadian universities will need to replace about 21,000 faculty while also hiring another 3,600 to 13,600 new professors by 2016 to keep pace with record enrolment numbers each fall, and to ensure and enhance the quality of the teaching, learning and research environment, according to a study by the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada.
Trends in Higher Education (Vol. 2 - Faculty) outlines the need to attract and hire faculty at a faster rate due to the increased numbers of students looking to university to acquire the skills they need in today's global knowledge economy.
While government investment in Canadian universities since 1998 has helped boost faculty numbers by 21 percent to 40,800 in 2006, hiring rates continued to lag behind the 37 percent student enrolment growth over the same period, which means that, on average, professors must teach relatively more students.
In addition, faculty numbers will need to grow to enhance outreach to underrepresented groups and ensure that all qualified students have access to a university education. The study found that while the elimination of mandatory retirement might help to slow short-term attrition, the effects of the change in legislation will not lessen the need for future faculty hires over the long-term.
The first volume of the 2007 edition of Trends in Higher Education focused on enrolment and predicted that Canadian university enrolment will grow nationally by between 70,000 and 150,000 full-time students over the next decade, although the impacts will vary significantly by region.
Other key findings of Trends in Higher Education (Vol. 2 - Faculty) include:
- There are 40,800 full-time faculty in Canadian universities
- Almost 36 percent of full-time faculty members are full professors, 31 percent are associate professors, and one-third of full-time faculty are either assistant professors or lecturers
- Women make up 20 percent of full professors, 36 percent of associate professors, 41 percent of assistant professors and 55 percent of lecturers
- Between 1976 and 2006, female faculty grew from one in seven to about one-third of the total
- One-third of faculty in Canadian universities were 55 years-old or older in 2005. (52 pgs.)
Teaching grads learn a lesson - jobs are dwindling Report spells out the new math for educators looking for work: fewer teachers retiring + more graduates = tough job market
From Friday's Globe and Mail, November 23, 2007, by Jill Mahoney.
Ontario has a growing glut of teachers despite declines in student enrolment across most of the province, according to a new report.
Only 41 per cent of 2006 graduates found regular jobs in one year, a figure that drops to just one-quarter for elementary teachers, according to the Ontario College of Teachers.
University education faculties in the province, as well as in border cities in New York that cater to Canadians, now produce 7,100 more graduates than the number of experienced Ontario teachers who retire each year.
"If you want to stay in teaching, you really need some patience and some flexibility," said Frank McIntyre, author of the survey and the college's manager of human resources.
Ontario's teaching landscape has shifted dramatically over the past few years. In the late 1990s and early 2000s, new graduates were in strong demand because of higher than expected retirements. In 2000, for example, 7,100 teachers retired and 8,800 new educators graduated, a near balance, because new teachers also take contract and supply teaching work.
To cope with the need, more spots were created in training programs. However, retirements have slowed in recent years. In 2006, 12,400 new teachers graduated, far more than the 5,300 teachers who retired. As well, more foreign-trained teachers are moving to Ontario.
Opinion is divided about whether the government, which plays a role in managing spaces in faculties of education, should curb capacity. At its recent annual meeting, the Elementary Teachers' Federation of Ontario considered a motion on the issue, but members voted it down, believing "it wasn't our place to curtail the aspirations of potential teachers," president David Clegg said.
Instead, the union is urging the province to create new positions by reducing upper-elementary class sizes and expanding arts and technology classes in middle schools.
Stephanie Wilson, who graduated in 2006, sent out dozens of job applications and got just one interview: to supply teach in London, Ont. She now works about one day a week, less than she would like. "It's kind of disillusioning," said Ms. Wilson, 26, who is finishing a master's degree in education. "Some of my friends that I've talked to, they think they're going to get a good job, a stable job, a well-paying job and they come out of it and they just find there's nothing there for them."
However, French and technology teachers are in high demand. And teachers face better prospects in the Greater Toronto Area, where need is higher, although fewer than half of those surveyed got jobs. The figure drops to a low of 10 per cent in Central Ontario.
The findings are based on a written survey of recently minted teachers, including 1,105 who graduated in 2006, that was conducted in May with funds from the Ministry of Education. Overall results are considered accurate to within three percentage points, 19 times out of 20. All respondents had joined the teacher's college, which is the profession's regulatory body and requires membership to teach in public schools.
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